IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, EMC-19, no. 3 (August 1977): 269–280

On the Definition and Estimation of Spectrum Occupancy

doi: 10.1109/TEMC.1977.303595

Arthur D. Spaulding; George H. Hagn

Abstract: Spectrum occupancy for channels and bands of similar channels is defined. A distinction is made between transmission occupancy and message occupancy. The measurement time required to determine if a given channel is occupied is considered as well as the time required to estimate the degree of transmission occupancy with a given statistical confidence. Nonparametric (distribution-free) statistical techniques are employed to obtain this estimate and to determine the sample size required to establish confidence bounds for a set of channel or band transmission occupancy values.

Keywords: spectrum occupancy; spectrum measurement; spectrum monitoring

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