June 2003 | NTIA Technical Report TR-03-402
J. Randy Hoffman; Eldon John Haakinson; Yeh Lo
Abstract: This report describes laboratory measurements to determine the extent and nature of interference to Public Safety radio receivers by ultrawideband (UWB) signals. Two Public Safety radio receivers from different manufacturers were tested in the 138-MHz band, both configured for Project 25 digital radio mode and one additionally configured and tested in analog mode. The laboratory measurements were performed by inserting increasing levels of UWB interference and measuring either bit-error rate (BER) for digital radios or signal-plus-noise-plus-distortion to noise-plus-distortion ratio (SINAD) for one of the same radios placed in analog mode. By varying pulse repetition frequency (PRF), pulse spacing schemes, and gating, a variety of UWB signals were simulated, which were either Gaussian noise-like, sinusoidal, or a hybrid of the two when passed through the receiver passband. Results showed that, when reported in terms of average UWB power in the receiver bandwidth, there is little difference in interference to Public Safety radios when comparing each of the generated UWB signal types. When expressed in terms of signal-to-interference power ratio, where interference power is defined as the power passed through the receiver passband, reference sensitivity (5% BER for digital radios and 12 dB SINAD for analog radios) occurs at approximately 10 dB, with a variation of 2 to 5 dB on either side, depending upon the receiver and signal type. When the interference power is expressed in terms of anything other than the mean power in the receiver bandwidth (e.g., wider bandwidths or peak power), the receiver response can vary greatly depending upon the nature of the interfering signal
Keywords: noise; Project 25 (P25); Ultrawideband (UWB); Impulse Radio; interference measurement; radio frequency interference (RFI); public safety radio systems
Disclaimer: Certain commercial equipment, components, and software may be identified in this report to specify adequately the technical aspects of the reported results. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, nor does it imply that the equipment or software identified is necessarily the best available for the particular application or uses.