Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE Region 5 and IEEE Denver Section Technical, Professional and Student Development Workshop, pp. 59-65, Boulder, CO, April 7-8, 2005.

Multiple-Description PCM Speech Coding by Complementary Asymmetric Vector Quantizers

doi: 10.1109/TPSD.2005.1614348

Stephen D. Voran

Abstract: We describe new 2-channel multiple-description speech coders based on the ITU-T Recommendation G.711 PCM speech coder. The new coders operate in the PCM code domain in order to exploit the companding gain of PCM. They apply pairs of complementary asymmetric 2-dimensional vector quantizers to each pair of PCM codes, thus exploiting the correlation between adjacent speech samples. If both quantizer outputs are received (two channels working), they are combined to generate an approximation to the original pair of PCM codes. If only one quantizer output is received (one channel failed, one channel working), a coarser approximation is still possible. The vector quantizers use rectangular cells, and the aspect ratio of the cells controls the speech-quality trade-off between the two-channel and one-channel cases.

Keywords: telecommunication standards; communication system control; speech coding; decoding; Code standards; Internet telephony; Modulation coding; Phase change materials; propagation loss; Standards development

For technical information concerning this report, contact:

Stephen D. Voran
Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
(303) 497-3839

To request a reprint of this report, contact:

Lilli Segre, Publications Officer
Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
(303) 497-3572

Disclaimer: Certain commercial equipment, components, and software may be identified in this report to specify adequately the technical aspects of the reported results. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, nor does it imply that the equipment or software identified is necessarily the best available for the particular application or uses.

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